It’s July 13th today… was it an entirely unlucky day in British history?

1174 – William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173–1174, was captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.

1643 —  In the English Civil War, at the Battle of Roundway Down, (near Devizes, Wiltshire) Henry Wilmot, 1st Earl of Rochester, and commander of the Royalist forces, heavily defeated the Parliamentarian forces led by Sir William Waller. It was the greatest cavalry victory of the English Civil War.

1811 — The birth, in Glasgow, of James Young a chemist best known for his method of distilling paraffin from coal. His works, at Bathgate in West Lothian became the first truly commercial oil works in the world.

 

1837 — Queen Victoria became the first sovereign to move into Buckingham Palace.

1943 — The Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history, involving some 6,000 tanks, 2 million troops, and 4,000 aircraft, ended in defeat for Germany.

1955– Nightclub hostess Ruth Ellis became the last woman to be hanged in Britain – executed at Holloway Prison for the murder of her lover, David Blakely.

1967– In the heat of the mountain stage of the Tour de France, British cyclist Tony Simpson, 29, collapsed and died.

1983– The House of Commons voted 361-245 against the restoration of the death penalty.

1995–The first man in Britain to be prosecuted under the War Crimes Act appeared at Epsom Magistrates, when Szymon Serafimowicz, aged 84, was charged with murdering 4 million Jews in 1941 and 1942.

2016 — Theresa May, the former Home Secretary, became Prime Minister after David Cameron resigned (24th June) following a referendum that voted in favor of leaving the European Union.

–Information from www.beautifulbritain.co.uk